What are the functions of Gynecology

Gynecology can be defined as that section of medicines which is responsible in treating the female reproductive system’s disorders as well as diseases.

People dealing with gynecology are known as gynecologist. It has been seen that almost all the gynecologist are also obstetricians. Obstetricians specialize in taking care and dealing with the infant’s delivery and the pregnant females.
The gynecologist studies the organs which include the oviducts, vagina, ovaries, breast, uterus, ovaries and vulva.

Some of the diseases or the disorders that affect the females for gynecologist is consulted are as follows:

• Infections

• Benign

• Congenital defects

• Problems with sex hormones

• Malignant tumors

• Benign tumors

• Inflammations

• Injuries during the childbirth

In addition to these above mentioned problems, the gynecologist also deals with certain disturbances which are functional. It includes menstrual disorders, sterility and problems related to the reproductive system. It is the duty of the gynecologist to instruct or consult his patients to make the correct use of contraceptive devices as well as contraceptive pills.

Gynecology and Obstetrics:

Gynecology and Obstetrics are two types of medical surgical specialties which deal in diagnosing or treating the reproductive organs of the females. It is diagnosing these females in their non-pregnant as well as pregnant state.    
An obstetrician is a physician who deals in delivering the babies of pregnant women, whereas a gynecologist deals with the problems of females with their reproductive organs.
In recent times, it has been observed that gynecologist do not treat all the women but address only those who have reproductive organ problems. An obstetrician as well as an gynecologist can be thus said as a physician who deals in delivering the babies as well as treating the reproductive system problems of women. They are usually abbreviated as GYN/OB

Medical emergency:

It is observed that medical emergencies take place very frequently in gynecology. Medical emergencies include itching, pain in the abdomen, rape cases, utero-vaginal bleeding, prolapse, contraception, urinary tract infection, foreign body insertion and etc.

At the time of medical emergencies with respect to gynecology (get here), it is very necessary that the patient as well as the doctor starts the diagnosis and treatment procedure at the right point of time. If delay is done in treating or detecting the problems, it will lead to further complications, similarly how it happens with other diseases.

Gynecology is thus a very important as well as a sensitive topic with concern to the human health. Gynecologist plays a very important role in helping women with their physical emergencies.


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