Trigonitis – Causes, Treatment, and Symptoms

Anything that ends with 'itis', can most likely be a medical term for some kind of inflammation. Trigonitis is not an exception and is characterized by inflammation of the lower part of bladder, which is called trigone. Inflammation is caused in the vesical region (triangular area) of the bladder wall. This disorder is seen often in women than in men. No cause has been clearly associated with this disorder. People suffering from trigonitis may complain about lower abdominal pain and pain while urinating.

There are a lot of medical problems, including trigonitis, which are a kind of medical mystery as researchers are not able to confirm any exact cause for these disorders. Amongst the reasons and risk factors understood for trigonitis, lack of oestrogen is vital. Women, who have undergone total hysterectomy or who are in their menopause phase can face lack of oestrogen. Hysterectomy causes the tissue of the bladder wall to become thin and easily damageable. Such a condition can trigger trigonitis.

There can be a lot of people, who have trigonitis condition for long time but do not have any significant symptoms for this disorder. Also, such people do not require any treatment. However, in symptomatic people, the symptoms can be similar to interstitial cysitis (IC). Following are common symptoms of trigonitis:
  • Bladder pain
  • Lower abdominal pain or pain in the lower belly region
  • Increase in urge to urinate, frequency and urge may particularly increase during the night
  • Decrease in bladder capacity
  • Uncontrolled passage of urine due to rigorous exercise or coughing hard


If an individual do not complain of any unusual symptoms related to trigonitis disorder, then diagnosis cannot be suspected. However, if a person experiences any or all of the above mentioned symptoms, s/he should consult a doctor and doctor may recommend cystoscopy to diagnose this disorder. This test includes a procedure of passing a flexible tube into bladder with a bulb attached to the tip of the tube. Doctor can examine any inflammation appearing in the trigone region or any other part of the bladder to confirm the disorder.

If a person does not have severe or significant signs or symptoms such as pain, frequent urination urge and difficulty during intercourse need not receive any treatment. Moreover, there is no specific treatment for trigonitis.

If at all any treatment regime is given, it is certain to be lengthy because there is no standard treatment for this disorder and also what works for an individual may not work for another. However, supplementation of oestrogen through topical cream application in the vaginal region can be effective in some cases. If infection is accompanied by inflammation, antibiotics are prescribed to curb it.

In rare cases, bladder augmentation can be considered as thelast resort, if nothing from the above mentioned treatments works out for an individual.

Trigonitis is a medical condition that describes inflammation of vesical region of the bladder. This disorder may or may not be symptomatic and hence, proves difficult to be treated. If you have any medical queries related to trigonitis, hope this article serves to be helpful and ensure your health questions are answered.


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